The new coronavirus disease outbreak first identified in China has become a pandemic. Be sure to check with your doctor before taking a cough suppressant medicine, since coughing will help in your recovery. Spiro, S. Clinical Respiratory Medicine, 4th edition. It is most common in young children, peaking between ages 2 and 3. Itâs important to understand that antibiotics will not treat viral pneumonia, because a virus, not bacteria, causes it. Viral pneumonia is a lung infection caused by a virus, such as influenza. The virus travels through the air in a number of ways. Viral pneumonia is an infection of your lungs caused by a virus. If you have mild symptoms, your doctor may suggest blood tests or a chest X-ray. Bacterial pneumonia often affects just one lobe, or area, of a lung. At that point, your doctor may prescribe antibiotic therapy. Viral pneumonia is usually caused by cold, flu and SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19); having pneumonia from a viral infection can actually lead to the development of bacterial pneumonia. Elderly persons are at increased risk of infection and complications in viral pneumonia because of comorbidities. The patient may feel weak and tired and the muscles may be achy. All rights reserved. Viruses that can lead to pneumonia include: Other viruses that more rarely cause pneumonia include herpes simplex, measles, and chickenpox. In the U.S., about 30% of pneumonias are viral. Mild signs and symptoms often are similar to those of a cold or flu, but they last longer.Signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include: 1. Viral pneumonia is a complication of the viruses that cause colds and the flu. Symptoms of viral pneumonia in adults and children. Your recovery time depends on how healthy you were before you were diagnosed with viral pneumonia. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Signs of this potentially fatal complication. If you have pneumonia, you can experience stomach-related symptoms after developing this infection. In viral pneumonia, a dry cough without sputum is more common. The symptoms of viral pneumonia usually develop over a period of several days. Symptoms of pneumonia depend on the severity of the disease (which is related to the cause, your age and your general health).Common symptoms include the following. However, severe cases can be life-threatening. A few simple tweaks may be all it takes to sleep soundly. This inflammation blocks the flow of oxygen and gas exchange in the lungs. Older adults with pneumonia may experience a lower than normal body temperature, dizziness, and confusion. You can get a viral infection by breathing in the virus or by touching something that has the virus on it. First, theyâll listen to your lungs for the following sounds when you breathe: Your doctor will usually follow up with additional tests if theyâre concerned about the sounds that your lungs are making. A young, healthy adult will usually recover faster than other age groups. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Viral pneumonia in elderly persons. Your doctorâs diagnosis will depend on how severe your infection is. Viral pneumonia cannot be treated with antibiotics. Symptoms of viral pneumonia are similar, although there are differences: A dry cough (note that there is rarely sputum produced with viral pneumonia) Fever; Chills; Chest pain; Shortness of breath; While bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics, this treatment will not help bacterial pneumonia. Most people can be treated at home for viral pneumonia. Pneumonia is swelling (inflammation) of the tissue in one or both lungs. Mild viral pneumonia symptoms are caused by viruses that are related to and similar to the common cold virus. Pneumonia is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms. The most common symptoms of pneumonia are: Cough (with some pneumonias you may cough up mucus, or even bloody mucus) Fever; Shaking chills; Shortness of breath (may only occur when you exert yourself) Other symptoms include: Confusion, often in older people Symptoms in primary influenza pneumonia are non-productive cough, throat pain, headache, body ache and malaise followed by progressive dyspnea. The flu virus can be a direct cause of viral pneumonia. What are the signs and symptoms of bacterial versus viral pneumonia in adults? The same steps you would take to try to prevent the flu also help lower your chance of pneumonia. Many cases of viral pneumonia clear up on their own within a few weeks. Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs that may occur due to viral, bacterial, or fungal infections. What's the best way to treat pneumonia and prevent it from reoccurring? Chest pain when you breathe or cough 2. Bacterial pneumonia can occur on its own or develop after you’ve had a viral cold or the flu. You can also get viral pneumonia after touching a virus-covered doorknob or keyboard and then touching your mouth or nose. Adults or seniors may take several weeks before they fully recover. The goal of treatment is to ease the symptoms of infection. Initially, the symptoms are more like influenza, which include headache, dry … Early symptoms are similar to influenza symptoms : fever, a dry cough, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. Your doctor may give you an antiviral medication. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids. Whatâs the treatment for viral pneumonia? The main causes of pneumonia are bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses. Most people who have pneumonia will be able to stay home. All rights reserved. Pneumonia can also develop due to a fungal infection. Most types of pneumonia cause fever, cough with sputum (coughed-up mucus), shortness of breath and fatigue. Many types of bacteria can cause bacterial pneumonia. The symptoms of pneumonia occur when your lungs become inflamed as they try to fight off a viral infection. However, preci… ; The most common bacterial type that causes pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. About 30% of pneumonia cases reported in the United States are viral. Viral pneumonia symptoms caused by common respiratory viruses. This article is about viral pneumonia. You may develop nausea or vomiting, which can contribute to a decrease in your usual appetite. This is because antibiotics do not work for viral infections. When you have pneumonia, itâs important to get plenty of rest. Bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotic therapy, while viral pneumonia will usually get better on its own. Older adults and people with chronic health conditions may need to stay in the hospital for extra care and to avoid dehydration. Viruses are not receptive to antibiotics. bacterial pneumonia and mixed viral and bacterial pneumonia (1). The severity of pneumonia depends on which organism is causing the infection and the immune response of the individual to that infection. CDC: âTypes of influenza viruses,â âRespiratory syncytial virus infection,â âHuman parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs),â âAdenoviruses,â âAbout coronavirus,â âCommon colds: Protect yourself and others,â âHow flu spreads,â âRespiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (RSV): Transmission and prevention,â âCDC says âTake 3â actions to fight the flu,â âPneumonia can be prevented -- vaccines can help.â, UpToDate: âRespiratory syncytial virus infection: Treatment,âÂ âCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).â. The virus invades your lungs and causes them to swell, blocking your flow of oxygen. 1. Cough, which may produce phlegm 4. Viral pneumonia is contagious and can be spread in much the same way as a cold or the flu. Blood tests. The symptoms of viral pneumonia develop gradually over a couple of days while bacterial pneumonia tends to develop rapid symptoms. Go to the emergency room if you feel flu-like symptoms along with: Only a doctor can diagnose pneumonia. These include: Viral and bacterial pneumonia have similar symptoms, but someone with viral pneumonia may develop additional symptoms. Symptoms include dry cough, fever, chills, difficulty breathing, chest pain and rapid breathing. viral pneumonia – most commonly caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and sometimes influenza type A or B; viruses are a common cause of pneumonia in young children aspiration pneumonia – caused by breathing in vomit, a foreign object, such as a peanut, or a harmful substance, such as smoke or a chemical National Institutes of Health: âWhat is pneumonia?â âWhat are the signs and symptoms of pneumonia?â âHow is pneumonia treated?â âLiving with pneumonia,â âWhat causes pneumonia?â. 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